Home Lifestyle Fashion The History of Men Fashion in India | Ancient Indian Clothing

The History of Men Fashion in India | Ancient Indian Clothing

Ancient Indian Clothing

Clothing in India is needy upon the diverse ethnicity, topography, atmosphere, and social conventions of the individuals of every district of India

Generally, male and female dress has developed from basic articles of clothing like kaupina, langota, dhoti, lungi, sari, gamcha, and undergarments to cover the body into expanding outfits utilized in everyday wear, yet additionally on festival events, just as ceremonies, rituals, and dance performances.

Here, I am elaborate on the history of men fashion and Ancient Indian Clothing.

For men, traditional garments are the Achkan/Sherwani, Bandhgala, Lungi, Kurta, Angarkha, Jama, and Dhoti or Pajama. Also, as of recently western garments, for example, pants, and shirts have been acknowledged as a conventional Indian dress by the Government of India.


Dhoti is the national dress of India. A dhoti is from four to six feet in length white or shading segment of cotton. This conventional clothing is essentially worn by men in villages. It is held set up by a style of wrapping and in some cases with the assistance of a belt, embroidered or a flat and simple one, around the waist.

India - pagri, dhoti, angā and dopatta
CC: “India,” Encyclopædia Britannica

Panche or Lungi

A Lungi, otherwise called sarong, is a customary article of clothing of India. A Mundu is also called lungi, then again it is consistently white. It is either taken care of, over the midsection, up to knee-length or is permitted to lie over and reach up to the lower leg.

A Chakravartin wearing a pancha. Amaravathi, 1st century BCE. (Musee Guimet)


A Jodhpuri or a Bandhgala is a conventional evening suit from India. It started in the Jodhpur State and was promoted during the British Raj in India. Otherwise called Jodhpuri Suit, it is a western-style suit item, with a coat and a pant, now and again joined by a vest. It unites the western cut with Indian hand-weaving accompanied by the Waistcoat. It is suitable for events, for example, weddings and formal social occasions.


An Achkan or a Sherwani is a long coat/jacket that generally sports uncovered catches through the length of the jacket. The length is generally just underneath the knees and the jacket closes just beneath the knee. The jacket has a Nehru collar, which is a neckline that stands up. The Achkan is worn with tight-fitting trousers or pants called churidars. Churidars are trousers that are free around the hips and thighs, yet are tight and accumulated around the ankle. Achkan is typically worn during the wedding functions by the groom man and is generally cream, light ivory, or gold-colored. It might be weaved with gold or silver. A scarf called a dupatta is here and there added to the achkan.

CC: Pk041


The jama is a long coat that was famous during the Mughal period. There are numerous sorts of jama outfits which were worn in different districts of South Asia, the utilization of which started to fade before the finish of the nineteenth century A.D. However, men in parts of Kutch despite everything wear the jama otherwise called the angarkha which has an asymmetric opening with the skirt flaring out to around the hips. However, a few styles tumble to beneath the knees.

Credits: Jama. The Metropolitan Museum of Art


The term angarkha is gotten from the Sanskrit word Aṅgarakṣaka, which implies protection of the body. The angarkha was worn in different parts of the Indian Subcontinent, yet while the essential cut continued as before, styles and lengths changed from locale to district. Angarakha is a conventional upper article of clothing worn in the Indian Subcontinent which covers and is attached to one side or right shoulder. Generally, the Angrakha was a court outfit that an individual could fold over himself, offering adaptable simplicity with the bunches and ties suitable for wearing in the different territories of old India

Credits: Hardik jadeja


The Dastar, otherwise called a pagri, is a turban worn by the Sikh people group of India. Is an image of confidence speaking to qualities, for example, fearlessness, respect, spirituality, honor, and otherworldliness among others. It is worn to secure the Sikh’s long, whole hair, the Kesh which is one of the Five Ks of Sikhism. Over the years, the dastar has developed into various styles relating to the different orders of Sikhism, for example, the Nihang and the Namdhari.

Mysore Peta

Initially worn by the lords of Mysore during a formal gathering in durbar and in stately parades during celebrations, and meeting with outside dignitaries, the Mysore peta has come to mean the social custom of the Mysore and Kodagu district. The Mysore University supplanted the customary mortarboard utilized in graduation functions with the conventional peta.

Credits: Hari Prasad Nadig

Rajasthani safa

Turbans in Rajasthan are called pagari or “safa”. They are particular in style and shading and show the position, social class and area of the wearer. In the hot and dry districts, turbans are enormous and loose. The paggar is customary in Mewar while the safa is to Marwar. The shade of the pagaris has extraordinary significance thus does the pagari itself. Previously, saffron represented boldness and valor. A white turban represented grieving. The trading of a turban implied undying companionship

Credits: Meena Kadri

Gandhi cap

The Gandhi cap, a white-hued top made of khadi was advocated by Mahatma Gandhi during the Indian freedom development. The act of wearing a Gandhi top was continued much after freedom and turned into an emblematic convention for government officials and social activists.

Jawaharlal Nehru wearing Gandhi cap

The Kashmir shawl

One of India’s most well-known fares was the Kashmir shawl, distinctive for its Kashmiri weave, and generally made of shahtoosh or pashmina fleece. Esteemed for its glow, lightweight, and trademark buta structure, the Kashmir shawl was initially utilized by Mughal sovereignty and honorability. In the late eighteenth century, it showed up in Europe, where its utilization by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Empress Joséphine of France advocated it as an image of outlandish extravagance and status.

A 19th century Kashmir shawl



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